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知汝远来应有意,好收吾骨瘴江边

点睛·知汝远来应有意,好收吾骨瘴江边

        卢航-2018/05/24

诗名:左迁至蓝关示侄孙湘

作者:韩愈

朝代:唐朝

全诗如下:

一封朝奏九重天,夕贬潮阳路八千。

欲为圣明除弊事,肯将衰朽惜残年!

云横秦岭家何在?雪拥蓝关马不前。

知汝远来应有意,好收吾骨瘴江边。

释义:

首联:早朝时把奏折上交给皇帝,晚上就被贬官至千里外的潮阳(县)。

颔联:我要为皇朝除害,岂能因为衰老就怜惜自己的风烛之年。

颈联:云彩都能横(穿过/于)秦岭之上,我又能以何处为家呢?大雪堆满了古蓝田关,马都已经走不动了。

云横秦岭家何在雪拥蓝关马不前.png

【原图太大,数据库里刚设置了最大图片文件1.2M。这个图测试了一下做笔记本壁纸特别棒。有要原图和需要调整的可以联系我。】

尾联:知道你远道而来应有用意,正好在瘴江之旁殓收我的骸骨。

赏析:

首联:时间空间顺序,早上在朝堂之上给皇帝献计递谏,晚上就要被贬官去往远处的潮阳(州)。悲痛,不纳谏言。

颔联:逻辑顺序,我不惜自身风烛残年之躯想为国家做事,想通过给皇帝讲道理并阻挡那些不好的事情发生。悲痛,现钟不打。

颈联:写景,一生以国为家,可是离开了京城,感觉就离开了家一样,不像云可以伏在在秦岭之上那般安稳,大学已经堆满了蓝田关,马都已经累的不再继续走了。对比人景,对比景畜。

尾联:映情,知道你远道而来,应该是有用意的,正好就在瘴江之旁殓收我的骸骨吧。失望,以死解脱。

其他:

元和十四年(公元819年)因“谏迎佛骨”之事,韩愈被贬潮阳。忠谏登天容易然撼天难说,成则高至庙堂低至子民都自认有利,不成的后果最少就是个贬官,有甚者可斩诛。“谏迎佛骨入大内”的意思就是说,防止佛教传入中土。因为在两汉时期佛教刚刚从印度传入中土,开始只是在少数的民间流传。汉朝亡掉以后,魏晋南北朝战乱时期,佛教才广泛流传。

在中唐时期是佛教最为鼎盛的时候,可以和原来的“儒家、道教”并称为“三教”,互相争立,形成鼎足。佛教盛行之后,因为人民在思想方面的净化和升华,严重的影响了当时唐朝政府的的纳税、征兵劳役等方面的各事项。在民间,哀怨甚多。韩愈知道此段历史,就请李纯(唐宪宗)不要再迎纳佛骨。

可是当时皇帝听不进去,他坚持信奉佛教,要把韩愈这种反派给治死,由于其他官员的维护,抵了下来,贬去潮阳做刺史去了。

走就走吧,换个地方虽比起来安逸些,但是我怎么会因为想要颐养天年而放弃做维护皇家庙堂和天下苍生的事情呢?

……说不下去了,实在是看着就难受……

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